Hotels and hospitals as highly frequented institutions may play very different roles in society, but they have to deal with similar specific requirements concerning the adequate treatment of wastewater such as:
In addition, hospitals face the problem of how to deal with contaminated or toxic wastewater that that is produced during normal everyday working procedures.
Generally, there are two main problems with common wastewater treatment technology:
Due to high installation and implementation costs, many hotels and hospitals, above all those, which are situated in peripheric areas, are not connected to the centralized city sewerage system, if available. Instead of being treated adequately, the wastewater is often discharged directly into a nearby river or open drain. As a result, neither the general nor the specific requirements on wastewater treatment are complied.